Goal: Integrated Reasoning

The MSU graduate integrates discipline-based knowledge to make informed decisions that reflect humane, social, ethical, and aesthetic values.

Dimensions of Integrated Reasoning
Dimension Emerging Developing Proficient Exemplary
Critically applies liberal arts knowledge in disciplinary contexts and disciplinary knowledge in liberal arts contexts

Recognizes that there are disciplines that vary in their goals, methods, standards, and practices; and that both breadth and depth of study is essential to a university education.

Identifies and connects relevant knowledge that spans the boundaries between and within disciplines.

Effectively selects, integrates, and applies knowledge that spans the boundaries between and within disciplines and considers relationships among multiple ways of knowing.

Integrates knowledge from across the university experience to formulate innovative strategies for identifying, reframing, or solving problems.

Uses a variety of inquiry strategies incorporating multiple views to make value judgments, solve problems, answer questions, and generate new understanding

Recognizes a variety of ways of knowing and acquiring new knowledge.

Identifies distinct and valid inquiry strategies associated with specific fields of study and experiments with strategies within and/or across disciplines.

Applies inquiry strategies to make judgments, to solve problems, and to answer questions, understanding that they are inherently value laden.

Generates new understanding and evaluates outcomes using inquiry strategies that reflect an integrated perspective.